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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 33  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 659-664

Role of early endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography in the management of acute biliary pancreatitis

1 Department of General Surgery, Menoufia University Hospital, Menoufia, Egypt
2 Department of General Surgery, Ras Eltin Hospital, Alexandria, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
Mohamed A Mohamed
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/mmj.mmj_400_19

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Objective The aim was to evaluate the role of early endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) in reducing mortality and morbidity of acute biliary pancreatitis with the consideration of the economic burden of this maneuver. Background A stone that obstructs the ampulla of Vater can cause biliary pancreatitis. ERCP is used to remove the stones that obstruct the ampulla. The risk-to-benefit ratio of this in the setting of acute pancreatitis is a matter of debate. In this research, we intend to overweight one of the both schools (conservative vs early ERCP). Patients and methods This prospective randomized comparative study was done at the Menoufia University Hospital between April 2015 and January 2018 which included 40 patients who were divided into two groups: groups A included 20 patients managed by early ERCP. Group B included 20 patients managed initially conservatively and they will be divided into three subgroups according to the course of jaundice. B1 subgroup: Those who will continue the conservative course due to continuous daily serial declination of their direct serum bilirubin. Group B2: those with continuous daily serial rising of the serum bilirubin (for 2 consecutive days) and they will be subjected to urgent ERCP. Group B3: those with fluctuating levels of serum bilirubin and they will be subjected to elective ERCP. Both group A and B patients will be subjected to laparoscopic cholecystectomy and were compared as regards the complications, mortality, economic burden, and hospital admission time. Results There was only one complication in group A with a percentage of 5% while there were three complications in group B and there were three with a percentage of 15%; thus, there was a significant reduction in complications in group A (P 0=0.05–0.001). Conclusion Early ERCP by a well-trained endoscopist in acute biliary pancreatitis is effective in reducing the complications and hospital admission time though it has more cost.

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