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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 33  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 361-366

Standardization of the Arabic version of Beck anxiety inventory in Egyptian population

1 Department of Audiology, Head of Audiology Unit, Menofia University, Menofia, Egypt
2 Department of Audiovestibular Medicine, Nasr City Health Insurance Hospital, Cairo, Egypt
3 Department of Audiology, Faculty of Medicine, Menofia University, Menofia, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
Enas I Abdelfatah
3 Gorab Street, Quesna, Menofia
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/mmj.mmj_6_20

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Objective The aim was to diagnose anxiety in patients with tinnitus using Beck anxiety inventory (BAI) after modification and standardization on the Egyptian population. Background Tinnitus is a common complaint that can affect life aspects, such as emotions, increasing anxiety. Early diagnosis of anxiety helps treatment of tinnitus. The aim of this study was to standardize the Arabic version of BAI in the Egyptians and apply the standardized form on patients with tinnitus. Patients and methods BAI was modified to suite Egyptians. It was backtranslated and judged by an expert committee. It was then applied on 100 healthy adult participants, and then on 30 patients with anxiety for standardization. It was then applied on 30 patients with tinnitus for diagnosis. Examination of reliability and the validity was done. The authors used the receiver operating characteristic curve for getting the possible cutoff value. Results It showed a good reliability by Cronbach's α of 0.73 among controls and patients with anxiety and 0.84 among patients with tinnitus. Test-retest reliability was done after 1 week. Repeatability was significant for the total score using Spearman's correlation. The mean value of the items of Arabic BAI was higher among patients than controls. The discriminant validity found that patients with tinnitus and patients with anxiety scored higher than controls. The authors found that 73.3% of patients with tinnitus experienced anxiety. Conclusion This study confirms that anxiety is a commonly associated complaint with patients with tinnitus. The modified-Arabic version of BAI was found to be a reliable and effective scale for diagnosis of anxiety among Egyptians.

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