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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 33  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 18-23

Factors affecting body mass index of female individuals at 1 year after delivery

Department of Family Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Menoufia University, Menoufia, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
Nehad Abd El Moneam Mohamed
Al-Santa, Gharbia
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/mmj.mmj_411_18

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Objective This study was conducted to assess factors affecting the BMI of women at 1 year after delivery. Background The postpartum period is a very special phase during a woman's life. A woman's ability to manage her weight through the postpartum transition has life-long implications for her weight status. Patients and methods A case–control study was conducted on female individuals who attended the Kafrekla Family Health Unit at 1 year after delivery; 278 cases with a BMI more than or equal to 25 and 278 controls with a BMI less than 25 were included in the study during the period spanning from August 2017 to October 2017. The data were collected by a predesigned questionnaire, which consisted of the following (and they are): sociodemographic data, obestetric history, breastfeeding data, contraceptive use data, and dietary behavior data. Results The most significant factors increasing the BMI of female individuals at 1 year after delivery were type of infant feeding [odds ratio (OR), 84.11], type of delivery (OR, 1.96), and hormonal contraception use (OR, 0.858), with exact P value (P = 0.0001, 0.003, 0.001, respectively). Conclusion Predictive factors for BMI of female individuals at 1 year after delivery were type of delivery, duration and type of breastfeeding, hormonal contraception use, breakfast consumption, multigravidity, last gestational period, and last birth interval, respectively.

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