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Year : 2019  |  Volume : 32  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 1430-1435

Incidence and pattern of ocular trauma among ophthalmic patients in Menoufia University Hospitals

1 Department of Ophthalmology, Faculty of Medicine, Menoufia University, Menoufia, Egypt
2 Department of Ophthalmology, Health Insurance Hospital, Cairo, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
Ahmad Al-Kamel Hamed
Cairo 11659
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/mmj.mmj_254_18

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Objectives The aim of this study was to determine the incidence and pattern of ocular trauma among ophthalmic patients who presented to Menoufia University Hospitals. Background Ocular trauma is a major preventable cause for monocular morbidity and blindness worldwide. Patients and methods This was a prospective study estimating patients who sustained ocular trauma within a 1-year period (January 2016–December 2016); the association between variables was checked by the χ2 test. Results A total of 1138 eyes of 1129 patients had sustained ocular trauma in a 1-year period (2016). The incidence of ocular trauma was 6.1%, and hospitalized patients accounted for 11.2%. The mean age of the patients was 22.4 ± 19.2 years; 69.1% were male patients and 30.9% were female patients, with a male to female ratio of 2.2: 1. The majority of injuries were adnexal injuries (42.1%) followed by globe injuries (30.6%), ocular surface foreign body (25.2%), ocular wall foreign body (0.4%), chemical injuries (0.4%) and radiation injuries, that is, 'photokeratitis' (1.2%). In globe injuries, 67 (19.3%) were open globe (52 eyes with rupture globe, 13 eyes with penetrating injury, two eyes with intraocular foreign body) and 281 (80.7%) were closed globe [32 (11.4%) were contusion, whereas 249 (88.6%) were lamellar laceration]. The most common eye injury was periocular ecchymosis and edema (40%). Conclusion Ocular trauma is a major problem for monocular morbidity and blindness. Students and workers who were involved in street activities and workplaces were the most affected.

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