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Year : 2019  |  Volume : 32  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 1411-1416

Screening for bacterial vaginosis before and after intrauterine device insertion

1 Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Menoufia University, Shebeen El-Kom, Egypt
2 Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Faculty of Medicine, Menoufia University, Shebeen El-Kom, Egypt
3 Depertment of Obstetrics and Gynecology at Ministry of Health, Berket El Saba, Menoufia, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
Asmaa N Hasan
Berket El Saba, Menoufia
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/mmj.mmj_414_18

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Objective To screen for bacterial vaginosis (BV) before and after insertion of intrauterine device (IUD), screen for complications of IUD, and evaluate the relation between BV and complication of IUD. Background IUD is one of the most prevalent and effective reversible methods of contraception worldwide. Users of the IUD may be at increased risk for BV, pelvic inflammatory diseases, and other complications. Patients and methods An observational cohort study was done for 147 women who came for IUD insertion. Complete history was taken, questionnaire was filled out, and vaginal swabs were taken from the posterior vaginal fornix before insertion of IUD and at 1 and 2 months after insertion of IUD. Complications of IUD were recorded. BV was diagnosed using Amsel's criteria and Nugent scoring methods. Results The prevalence of BV was 27.2% before IUD insertion and 9.5% after insertion (fresh diagnosis) at 1 month. The commonest complications of IUD were pelvic pain, vaginal bleeding, followed by abnormal vaginal discharge and dyspareunia. These complications were significantly higher in Gram stain-positive group than Gram stain-negative group. Conclusion The prevalence of BV is within the range of BV found among women of reproductive age group worldwide. The current standard of care does not require screening for BV before IUD insertion. The complication rate appeared significantly higher in patients with BV than those without.

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