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Year : 2019  |  Volume : 32  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 1365-1370

Infertility and related risk factors among women attending rural family health facilities in Menoufia Governorate

1 Department of Obstetric and Gynaecology, Faculty of Medicine, Menoufia University, Egypt
2 Department of Family Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Menoufia University, Egypt
3 Department of Family Medicine, Menoufia University, Menoufia Governorate, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
Eman S. Abd El-Rahman Beddah
Horeen, Birkit Alsaba City, Menoufia Governorate
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/mmj.mmj_269_18

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Background Infertility is perceived as a problem across virtually all cultures and societies and affects 10–15% of couples in their reproductive age. Objective The current study aimed to assess the prevalence of infertility among women attending the studied health facilities and explore the different factors related to infertility among the studied group. Patients and methods The cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted on 320 married women in the child-bearing period. The calculated sample was collected from four primary health-care facilities which were randomly selected. Women were interviewed by a predesigned questionnaire. Results The prevalence of infertility among the studied group was 25%. The prevalence of primary and secondary infertility was 9 and 16%, respectively. Infertility was significantly associated with overweight and obesity (P < 0.05), sedentary lifestyle (P < 0.001), irregular menstruation (P < 0.001), history of pelvic inflammatory disease (P < 0.001), and passive smoking (P < 0.05). Conclusion There are numerous risk factors affecting infertility in the Egyptian women, and many of them are preventable.

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