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Year : 2019  |  Volume : 32  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 901-905

Hemodialysis versus peritoneal dialysis: a comparative study Menoufia Medical Journal

1 Internal Medicine and Nephrology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Menoufia University, Egypt
2 Internal Medicine Department, Ministry of Health, El-Behira, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
Ahmad M Ewedah
Mohammad Mousa Street, Damanhour, El-Behira
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/mmj.mmj_669_17

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Objective To compare between dialysis modalities and their effect on anemia control, chronic kidney disease mineral bone disease (CKD-MBD) control, dialysis adequacy, and dialysis complication on end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients. Background Hemodialysis (HD) and peritoneal dialysis (PD) are dialysis modalities for ESRD patients that have its own effect on patients. Many publications studied the modality effect on ESRD patients, but in Egypt few data was reported about these items. Patients and methods This cross-sectional study was carried out in January 2017 on 82 patients with ESRD maintained on HD and 21 patients with ESRD on PD. HD patients were collected randomly from a pool of HD patients attending regular HD in the Nephrology and Dialysis Department of Damanhour Medical National Institute. The PD patients were collected from the Nephrology and Dialysis Department of Damanhour Medical National Institute (16 patients) and Nephrology and Dialysis Department of New Mansura General Hospital (International) (five patients). A comparison between the two groups regarding anemia control, CKD-MBD, dialysis adequacy, and dialysis complication was performed. Results The PD group was better regarding the target levels of intact parathyroid hormone than HD (61 and 34%, respectively) (P = 0.038) and in the achievement of target Kt/V (90 and 48%, respectively) (P = 0.001). There was no significant difference regarding anemia control or complications. Conclusion PD has a better effect on CKD-MBD and it is easy for the PD patients to achieve adequacy than the HD patients. PD should have more chance as an RRT for the ESRD patients in Egypt.

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