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Year : 2019  |  Volume : 32  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 672-677

Evaluation of macular changes during pregnancy by optical coherence tomography

1 Department of Ophthalmology, Faculty of Medicine, Menoufia University, Menoufia, Egypt
2 Department of Ophthalmology, Mansoura Ophthalmology Hospital, Mansoura, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
Ahmed Abd Elhakiem Darrag
Department of Ophthalmology, Mansoura Ophthalmology Hospital, Mansoura
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/mmj.mmj_886_17

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Objective The aim of the study was to evaluate macular changes during pregnancy by optical coherence tomography (OCT). Background The study included pregnant female individuals during the three trimesters. Patients and methods This prospective cohort study was carried out from October 2015 to August 2017 on a total number of 52 eyes (26 right eyes and 26 left eyes) of pregnant women of noncomplicated pregnancy recruited from the outpatient ophthalmology clinic at Menoufia University Hospital and Mansoura Ophthalmology Hospital. The certificate approval number is 886. The study was subdivided into three groups: group 1 includes pregnant women during the third month of the first trimester, group 2 includes the same pregnant women during the second month of the second trimester, and group 3 includes the same pregnant women during the second month of the third trimester. All patients were subjected to full ophthalmological examination including OCT, fundus examination, intraocular pressure measurement, visual acuity, and best corrected visual acuity measurement. Results Among the 52 eyes of those normal pregnant women, three eyes showed central serous retinopathy; two of them started in the second trimester and one in the third trimester. Conclusion This study showed that the central macular thickness increased in the second trimester than in the first and increased in the third trimester than in the second. There were three cases of central serous retinopathy among the 52 (5.7%) eyes.

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