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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 32  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 650-654

Closed reduction and percutaneous pinning for the treatment of lateral humeral condyle fracture


1 Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Menoufia University, Menoufia, Egypt
2 Department of Orthopedic Surgery, El-Obour Hospital for Health Insurance, Kafr El-Sheikh, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
Ahmed M Mabrouk
Department of Orthopedic Surgery, El-Obour Hospital for Health Insurance, Kafr El-Sheikh
Egypt
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/mmj.mmj_793_17

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Objective The aim of the present study was to evaluate the result of treatment of recent fracture of the lateral humeral condyle in children using closed reduction and percutaneous pinning. Background Few reports have focused on closed reduction and internal fixation of fractures of the lateral humeral condyle in children. We prospectively studied closed reduction and internal fixation to determine its usefulness as the treatment for fractures of the lateral condyle of the humerus in children. Patients and methods The lateral condylar humeral fractures were classified into three groups according to the degree of displacement and the fracture pattern as determined on four radiographic views (Jacob classification). On the basis of this classification system, we prospectively treated 60 fractures and assessed the quality of closed reduction according to the criteria of Hardacre and colleagues Results All six patients of stage 1 fractures were reduced to 1 mm of residual displacement with excellent results. A total of 42, stage 2 fractures were reduced to less than 2 mm of displacement with excellent results and four patients had good results. In six patients of stage 3 had excellent results and two patients had good result. There were no major complications such as early physeal arrest, osteonecrosis of the trochlea or capitellum, nonunion, malunion or osteomyelitis. Conclusion Closed reduction and internal fixation is an effective treatment for lateral humeral condylar fractures of the humerus in children. If fracture displacement, after closed reduction exceeds 2 mm, open reduction and internal fixation is recommended.


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