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Year : 2018  |  Volume : 31  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 922-927

A Study of hypogonadism in type 2 Diabetes Mellitus male patients attending Shebin ElKoum Teaching Hospital- Egypt

1 Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Menoufia University, Menoufia, Egypt
2 Department of Internal Medicine, Ministry of Health, Tanta City, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
Ahmed M Essa
3-Omar Makrm Street, Tanta City, El-Gharbia governorate
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/mmj.mmj_121_17

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Objective To the objective of this article is to evaluate serum-free testosterone levels as an indicator of hypogonadism in male patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM). Background DM is considered to be one of the most common chronic diseases. Male hypogonadism is characterized by low levels of serum testosterone and is closely linked to the development of diabetes. Patients and methods This study included 80 individuals recruited from the Internal Medicine Department of Shebin El-Kom Teaching Hospital, Menoufia, Egypt. They were classified into: a case group which included 40 patients of type 2 DM in the age group of 30–65 years and a control group which included 40 healthy control persons matched for age and sex. After providing written informed consent, all patients were clinically evaluated, had routine laboratory investigations and assessment of glycated hemoglobin% (HbA1c%) and free testosterone and those who had low levels of free testosterone underwent assessment of the circulating levels of the follicle-stimulating hormone and luteinizing hormone. Results There was significant difference between the two groups regarding the presence of erectile dysfunction and hypogonadism as their percentages were increased in the case group. A comparison between diabetic patients with hypogonadism and diabetic patients with eugonadism regarding HbA1c has shown that diabetic patients with hypogonadism had significant elevated levels of HbA1c. Conclusion This study demonstrates the presence of a significant relationship between type 2 DM and presence of hypogonadism and erectile dysfunction in men.

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