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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 31  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 846-849

Out-of-pocket health expenditure in rural population


Family Medicine Department, Faculty of Medicine, Menoufia University, Shebin Elkom, Menoufia, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
Basma S Ibrahem
Family Medicine Department, Faculty of Medicine, Menoufia University, Shebin Elkom, Menoufia
Egypt
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/mmj.mmj_223_17

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Objectives The aim of this study was to distinguish between the different determinants of out-of-pocket (OOP) health expenditure in rustic Egypt. Background OOP well-being expenditure represents 60% of total health expenditures in Egypt. Numerous families in Egypt depend on OOP to fund healthcare services. This specifically impacts their entrance to quality well-being administrations. Creating knowledge about the determinants of OOP is a need to configuration polices that shield family units from impoverishment. Patients and methods The study was a cross-sectional one that was directed in country zone, lower Egypt, from September 2015 to October, 2016. The calculated sample size was 380 participants selected by means of systematic random sampling. They were divided according to the health expenditure in last medicinal services required in the recent weeks into the OOP and the non-OOP group. A predesigned questionnaire was utilized to recognize different determinants of OOP well-being use (e.g., age, sex, and health status). Results An overall 85% of studied shared members had OOP costs over the most recent 4 weeks for healthcare. There was a statistically significant difference (P < 0.001) between displaying OOP and being a woman in childbearing age, living in high socioeconomic level, having chronic disease, absence of health insurance coverage, poor perception of health, and private care. Conclusion OOP health expenditure is more predominant in specific gatherings of population and is affected by basic determinants. Tending to such determinants ought to have a noteworthy impact on getting legitimate medicinal services and thus in the expectations for everyday comforts.


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