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Year : 2018  |  Volume : 31  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 834-838

Hot flushes among perimenopausal women

1 Department of Public Health and Community, Faculty of Medicine, Menoufia University, Menoufia, Egypt
2 Department of Family Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Menoufia University, Menoufia, Egypt
3 Family Health Unit, Toukh Tanmbisha, Menoufia Governorate, Menoufia, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
Yara M Heikal
Berket El Saba District, Menoufia Governorate 32717
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/mmj.mmj_713_17

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Objective The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence and factors affecting hot flushes (HFs) among perimenopausal women. Background More than 80% of women report physical and psychological symptoms especially HFs that commonly accompany the perimenopausal period and so understanding the factors affecting HFs is important to decrease the severity of HFs and its effects. Participants and methods The study was carried out in two randomly selected family healthcare centers in urban and rural areas in Berket El Saba district, Menoufia Governorate during the period from 1 October to 1 December 2016. An analytic cross-sectional study was conducted on a convenient sample of 300 perimenopausal women aged from 45 to less than 60 years. The questionnaire was designed to obtain full history and analysis of HFs. Results The prevalence of HFs among the studied perimenopausal women was 86%. In binary logistic regression, the most significant factors affecting HFs were BMI greater than 25 [odds ratio (OR): 42.8, 95%CI: 6.9–264)], followed by basic education (OR: 10.6, 95%CI: 2.6–43.4) followed by sedentary life (OR: 3.5, 95%CI: 1.6–7.7), and being housewife (OR: 3.2, 95%CI: 1.4–7.2). Caffeine consumption did not significantly affect the presence of HFs, but affected their severity (P < 0.05). Conclusion Most perimenopausal women suffer from HFs with different degrees of severity. Moreover, the most significant factor was BMI greater than 25.

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