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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 31  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 169-174

Risk factors for venous thromboembolism


Department of General Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Menoufia University, Menoufia, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
Ahmed E. H Abo Elhassan
Department of General Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Menoufia University, Menoufia
Egypt
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/mmj.mmj_659_16

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Objective The aim of this study was to describe the risk factors for venous thromboembolism(VTE) in hospitalized patients. Background VTE is a major health issue worldwide. To improve survival, avoid recurrence, and prevent complications, the occurrence of VTE must be reduced. To reduce VTE incidence, persons at risk for VTE must first be identified. Independent risk factors for VTE include patient age, surgery, trauma, hospital or nursing home confinement, active malignant neoplasm with or without concurrent chemotherapy, central vein catheterization or transvenous pacemaker implantation, previous superficial vein thrombosis, varicose veins, and neurological disease with extremity paresis. Materials and methods This hospital-based prospective study included 400patients with VTE. Patients aged above 18years of both sexes were included. The only exclusion criterion was patients younger than 18years. Results There were 400patients diagnosed with VTE. Of all patients, 44% were unprovoked and 56% were provoked. Provoked risk factors included major surgery(4.5%), obesity(12%), hip, femur, and knee surgery(12.5%), history of malignancy(16%), and history of long-term immobility(18%). Conclusion Several risk factors were identified in patients with VTE, and their comprehension may improve appropriateness and efficiency of the different methods available for thromboprophylaxis.


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