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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2016  |  Volume : 29  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 1033-1039

Knowledge, attitude and practice of rural mothers towards home injuries among children under 5 years of age in Menouf District- Menoufia Governorate, Egypt


1 Department of Plastic Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Menoufia University, Menoufia, Egypt
2 Department of Family Medicine, Ministry of Health, Egypt
3 Department of Public Health and Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Menoufia University, Menoufia, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
Nora A Khalil
Department of Family Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Menoufia University, 49 Zaki Shabana Street, El Bar El Sharki, Shebin El Kom, Menoufia Governorate, 32511
Egypt
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/1110-2098.202506

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Objective The aim of this study was to assess rural mothers' knowledge, attitudes, and practices as regards first aid for home-related injuries among children under 5 years of age before and after implementation of educational program and to measure the prevalence of these injuries. This study was conducted to assess rural mothers' knowledge, attitudes, and practices toward home-related injuries and their first aids among children under 5 years of age before and after implementation of educational program. Background Accidental injuries are a major health problem in children. They are the most common cause of death in children under 5 years of age. Every year they leave many thousands permanently disabled. Most of the children at risk from a home accident are in the 0–5 years' age group. Most of these accidents are preventable through increased awareness, improvements in the home environment, and greater product safety. Materials and methods This cross-sectional interventional study included 270 mothers from Bijirim village, Queisna district, Menoufia, Egypt. A predesigned questionnaire was administered to them before and after application of educational program. The first part of the questionnaire included sociodemographic and economic characteristics of the mothers. The second part included mothers' knowledge about the causes, prevention, and first aid of home injuries. The third part included mothers' practice followed toward their children in case of exposure to any type of home injuries and its occurrence. Results The study result revealed that mass media were the main source of knowledge for 43.3% of the participants. There was a statistically significantly higher percent of satisfactory knowledge among highly educated mothers and those with middle and high socioeconomic level. There was a significant positive correlation between mothers' practice and either their education or their socioeconomic level. There was a significant correlation between socioeconomic level and either knowledge or attitude of mothers toward home injuries. There was a significant improvement in mothers' knowledge after intervention. Conclusion The study revealed that there was a significant improvement in mothers' knowledge and practice as regards home injuries after intervention.


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