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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2016  |  Volume : 29  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 259-264

Haematological parameters of newborns delivered vaginally versus caesarean section


1 Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Menoufia University, Menoufiya, Egypt
2 Department of Pediatrics, National Liver Institute, Menoufia University, Menoufiya, Egypt
3 Department of Clinical Pathology, National Liver Institute, Menoufia University, Menoufiya, Egypt
4 Department of Pediatrics, Shibin El-Kom Teaching Hospital, Menoufiya, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
Rania K Allam
Pediatrics department, Shibin El-Kom teaching hospital, Shebin El-Kom, Menoufiya, 32511
Egypt
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/1110-2098.192429

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Objectives: This study aimed to evaluate the effect of mode of delivery on the haematological parameters of newborns (caesarean section against normal vaginal delivery). Background: Complete blood count (CBC) correlates highly with gestational age, birth weight, blood sampling site, crying, physical therapy, mode of delivery and other factors. Participants and methods: This study was carried out on 72 neonates. Group I included 31 neonates delivered vaginally. Group II included 41 neonates delivered by caesarean section. CBC was performed on these neonates from umbilical cord blood immediately after birth. Results: Haemoglobin, red blood cell count, haematocrit, platelet, total leucocyte count, neutrophils, eosinophils and basophils in full-term neonates delivered vaginally were significantly higher than those of neonates delivered by caesarean section. However, there was no significant difference in the mean corpuscular volume, mean corpuscular haemoglobin, mean corpuscular haemoglobin concentration, red cell distribution width, lymphocytes and monocytes. There was a significant increase in haemoglobin, red blood cell count, haematocrit, mean corpuscular volume, mean corpuscular haemoglobin, red cell distribution width, platelets, total leucocyte count, neutrophils, eosinophils and lymphocytes in preterm neonates delivered vaginally than those delivered by caesarean section, whereas there was no significant difference in the mean corpuscular haemoglobin concentration, basophils and monocytes. Conclusion: Mode of delivery is one of the perinatal factors that affects neonatal CBC.


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