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Year : 2014  |  Volume : 27  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 632-635

Bone marrow injection in treatment of long bone nonunion

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Menoufiya University, Menoufiya, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
Ahmed Abd Elfattah Khalil
Orthopedic Department, El Menshawy Hospital, Tanta
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/1110-2098.149627

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Objectives The goal of this study was to report the role of bone marrow injection in treatment of nonunited long bones fractures and to evaluate the relationship between bony union and bone marrow. Background Bone marrow injection has been used for the management of fracture nonunion since a long period of time. The main advantages for this technique are: it can be used in patient unfit for open grafting, is safe, uses osteogenic cells, has no complications in graft site, and can prevent nonunion development. Other advantages include: it is simple, quick, inexpensive, and causes minimal surgical trauma. Patients and methods From November 2009 to February 2013, 20 patients, 16 male patients and four female patients, mean age 36.5 years, suffering from nonunited lower limb fractures were treated in the Orthopedic Department, El-Menoufiya University Hospital by bone marrow injection in site of fracture nonunion. Results Of the 20 patients who had bone marrow injection for nonunion, 16 (80%) patients achieved union and four (20%) patients failed to achieve union. Of the four patients who were not healed, one patient had received three bone marrow injections, whereas three patients had received four bone marrow injections. Conclusion In our study, the patient's age and smoking were inversely proportional to healing after bone marrow injection. In addition, patients who had closed fracture at the time of initial injury achieved union more than patients who had open fracture at the time of initial injury.

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