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Year : 2014  |  Volume : 27  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 623-628

Direct closure versus local flaps in management of pilonidal sinus

1 Department of General Surgery, Menoufia University Hospital, Menoufia, Egypt
2 Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Menoufia University Hospital, Menoufia, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
Ehab Abd El-Fattah Mohamed El-Ariny
Shobrabkhoum, Quesna, Menoufia
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/1110-2098.149616

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Objectives The aim of this randomized prospective trial was to compare both the results of direct closure and local flaps in management of pilonidal sinus. Background The best surgical technique for sacrococcygeal pilonidal disease is still controversial in terms of minimizing disease recurrence and patient discomfort. The present study analyzes the results of excision with primary closure and excision with flap reconstruction in the surgical treatment of sacrococcygeal pilonidal disease. Materials and methods From February 2012 to February 2013, 30 consecutive patients with chronic pilonidal sinus disease received surgical treatment in the form of either excision and primary closure (group 1, n = 15 patients) or excision and flap reconstruction [group 2, n = 15 patients; classic Limberg flap ( n = 5), modified Limberg flap ( n = 5), and V-Y advancement flap ( n = 5)]. Demographic data, operative time, postoperative pain, hospital stay, duration of incapacity for work, postoperative complications (infection, flap edema, wound dehiscence), patient satisfaction, and postoperative recurrence were recorded. Results The mean follow-up was 12 months. A significant difference was observed between the two groups in terms of operative time (min), postoperative complications, and patient satisfaction (P < 0.05) for all comparisons. There were no significant differences among the two groups with respect to age, sex distribution, postoperative pain, length of hospital stay (in days), duration of incapacity for work (in days), and frequency of recurrent disease (P>0.05) for all comparisons. In the modified Limberg flap, no wound infection or recurrence of the disease occurred. Conclusion Flap reconstructions were superior to primary closure after excision of pilonidal sinus, and modified Limberg flap was superior with respect to wound infection and recurrence.

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