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Year : 2014  |  Volume : 27  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 447-452

Relationship between cardiac mechanics evaluated by two-dimensional strain imaging and T-wave alternans in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy

Department of Cardiology, Faculty of Medicine, Menoufia University, Menoufia, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
Ahmed A Attia
Aga Daqahlia Governorate
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/1110-2098.141725

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Objective The aim of this study was to assess the relationship between left ventricular (LV) deformational abnormalities, measured by two-dimensional strain imaging, and T-wave alternans (TWA) in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). Background HCM is a prevalent hereditary cardiac disorder linked to arrhythmia and sudden cardiac death. Microvolt TWA involves periodic beat-to-beat variation in the amplitude or the shape of the T wave in an ECG. In HCM, TWA has been linked to increased LV mass and used previously as noninvasive prognostic tools in the evaluation and patient risk stratification. Patients and methods The study group consisted of 40 consecutive HCM patients. The HCM group was compared with 33 age-matched and sex-matched healthy participants. All patients and control participants underwent 12-lead ECG, conventional echocardiographic examination, two-dimensional strain imaging, treadmill exercise test, and measurement of TWA, 24-h Holter monitoring. Results Depending on TWA results, the patients were divided into two groups: TWA+ patients, and TWA- patients. There were no significant differences among the most conventional echocardiographic measures between TWA groups. Absolute values of esys, SRsys, SRe, and SRa were significantly smaller in HCM patients than the controls at rest and peak exercise (P < 0.001). LV dyssynchrony was evident in TWA+ patients at rest and amplified at peak stress compared with TWA- patients. TWA was closely correlated with LV dyssynchrony at rest and during exercise, and was inversely related to resting esys, SRsys, SRe, SRa, and the functional systolic and diastolic reserve as estimated by ∆ and percent of change of these variables. Conclusion The considerable association of myocardial dysfunction with TWA+ outcome provides important new evidence on arrhythmia vulnerability in HCM.

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