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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2014  |  Volume : 27  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 347-352

Knowledge and attitude of students in Menoufia University, Shebin Elkom city toward premarital care in 2012


1 Faculty of Medicine, Menoufia University, Al-Menoufia, Egypt
2 Department of Public Health and Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Menoufia University, Al-Menoufia, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
Marwa Mohamed Mahmoud Mohaseb
MBBCh, Department of Family Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Menoufia University, Al-Bajur, Al-Menoufia
Egypt
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/1110-2098.141706

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Objective The aim of the study was to assess the knowledge and attitude of Menoufia University students toward premarital care (PMC). Background PMC is a worthwhile activity to prevent reproductive health hazards, sexual dysfunction, marital distress, divorce, and family breakdown; hence, it will save the society and allow people to enjoy life. Patients and methods The study was a cross-sectional study conducted in Menoufia University faculties in Shebin Elkom city during the period from October 2012 to May 2013; the sample size was 345 students selected through stratified random sample by the proportional allocation method through predesigned questionnaire used for assessment of students' knowledge and attitude toward PMC services using SPSS for data analysis. Results Students from practical faculties showed more proper knowledge about items of PMC services, examination, and investigation components than students from theoretical faculties, with statistically significant difference. Students from practical faculties showed more positive attitude toward the usefulness and necessity of the service than students from theoretical faculties, with statistically significant difference between the two groups. There was nonsignificant difference in the overall knowledge among students of practical and theoretical faculties regarding PMC (c2 = 1.49 and P = 0.83), but there was significant difference in their overall attitude (c2 = 30.76 and P = 0.000). There was nonsignificant difference between male and female students regarding their overall knowledge (c2 = 3.86 and P = 0.43) and their overall attitude (c2 = 5.22 and P = 0.27) regarding PMC. There was nonsignificant difference between urban and rural students regarding their overall knowledge (c2 = 8.47 and P = 0.99) toward PMC, but there was significant difference in their overall attitude (c2 = 10.91 and P = 0.03) regarding PMC. Conclusion PMC is a multidimensional issue that plays a very important role in minimizing marital difficulties; although the majority of participants had favorable and positive attitude about PMC services, they showed no sufficient knowledge in some aspects of PMC services.


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