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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2013  |  Volume : 26  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 127-131

Predictive ability of first-day serum bilirubin and haptoglobin for subsequent significant hyperbilirubinemia in healthy-term and near-term newborn


Pediatric Department, Faculty of Medicine, Menoufiya University, Menoufiya, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
Noha M Ashour
MBBCh, Pediatric Department, Faculty of Medicine, Menoufiya University, El-Masna3 Street, Shebin el Kom, Menoufiya
Egypt
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/1110-2098.126143

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Objective Predicting significant neonatal hyperbilirubinemia using cord blood haptoglobin and bilirubin on the first day of life. Background Neonatal jaundice is the result of an imbalance between the production and elimination of bilirubin. Bilirubin conjugation in newborns is significantly impaired in the first few days; even a small increase in the rate of production can contribute toward the development of hyperbilirubinemia. Hemolysis plays a significant role in bilirubin increase in newborns. When hemolysis takes place, a decrease in the haptoglobin blood level-binding hemoglobin in the environment occurs. Patients and methods A total of 61 healthy newborns of at least 35 weeks' gestation were followed in the first 5 days of life for the development of significant hyperbilirubinemia. All newborns were subjected to cord blood haptoglobin and bilirubin measurement soon after delivery. Total serum bilirubin (TSB) was measured on the fifth day of life. Only 46 newborns were brought in on the fifth day for follow-up. Results A total of 25/46 newborns (54.3%) developed significant hyperbilirubinemia (TSB on the fifth day≥17 mg/dl) and were considered as positive cases. A significant negative correlation was found between cord blood haptoglobin levels and the TSB values on the fifth day. A significant positive correlation was found between cord blood bilirubin levels and the TSB levels on the fifth day. A cut-off level of haptoglobin in cord blood of 7.5 mg/dl was determined to have the highest sensitivity (100%), specificity (81%), and positive predictive value (89%) in the prediction of occurrence of significant hyperbilirubinemia, whereas a cut-off level of cord blood TSB 2.73 mg/dl had the highest sensitivity (100%), specificity (90%), and positive predictive value (93%) in the prediction of significant neonatal hyperbilirubinemia. Conclusion The haptoglobin value and TSB value taken from the blood of the umbilical cord can be used as a guiding indicator to demonstrate the future occurrence of significant hyperbilirubinemia in newborns.


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